Metrics Background

The Congressional District Health Dashboard allows you to see where all congressional districts across the U.S. stand on over 35 measures of health and factors affecting health across five areas: Health Behaviors, Social and Economic Factors, Physical Environment, Health Outcomes, and Clinical Care. These metrics and categories align with those used in the City Health Dashboard, a well-known data platform that provides data at the city and neighborhood level.

Data are sourced by our team at NYU Grossman School of Medicine’s Department of Population Health from federal, state, and other datasets with rigorous standards for collection and analysis. The Dashboard team chose these measures, with guidance from expert advisors, because they are actionable, they are updated regularly, and they are backed by evidence. Below, you will find information on each metric including a metric description, why it matters for health, data source, years of data, how the measure is calculated, and more.

Health Outcomes

Social and Economic Factors

Physical Environment

Breast Cancer Deaths

Broadband Connection

Air Pollution - Ozone

Cardiovascular Disease Deaths

Children in Poverty

Air Pollution - Particulate Matter

Colorectal Cancer Deaths

Chronic Absenteeism

Housing with Potential Lead Risk


High School Completion

Lead Exposure Risk Index

Firearm Homicides

Income Inequality

Firearm Suicides

Neighborhood Racial/Ethnic Segregation

Clinical Care

Frequent Mental Distress

Racial/Ethnic Diversity

Dental Care

Frequent Physical Distress

Rent Burden

Medicaid Enrollment

High Blood Pressure


Prenatal Care

Life Expectancy

Health Behavior

Preventive Services, 65+

Low Birthweight

Binge Drinking

Routine Checkup, 18+


Physical Inactivity


Opioid Overdose Deaths


Premature Deaths

Teen Births